Tours to Uzbekistan: Tashkent, Samarkand, Bukhara, Khiva

  • Tour “Ceramics World of Uzbekistan” (12 days/11nights)

    Travel itinerary: Tashkent – Fergana – Margilan – Rishtan – Kokand – Kuva – Andijan – Tashkent – Urgench – Khiva – Bukhara – Gijduvan – Samarkand – Tashkent


    Duration: 12 days/11nights


    Kind of route: airway tour and motor coach


    Places of visit (nights): Tashkent (3) – Fergana (3)  – Margilan – Rishtan – Kokand – Kuva – Andijan –Khiva (1) – Bukhara (2) – Gijduvan – Samarkand (2)

     

    Best time to travel: all year


    Accommodation: single or double accommodations in hotels

     

    Description: Traveling in major tourist cities of Uzbekistan. Tour package consists of ceramic art, historical and archeological components. Best tour package for visiting memorial complexes and ceramic studios of Uzbekistan

  • Carpet tour (8 Days/7 Nights)

    Travel itinerary: Tashkent – Khiva - Bukhara – Shahrisabz - Samarkand - Tashkent

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    Duration: 8 days, 7 nights

    Kind of route: airway tour and motor coach

    Places of visit (nights): Khiva(1) - Tashkent (2) - Samarkand (2) - Shahrisabz and Bukhara (2) 

    Best time to travel: all year 

    Accommodation: single or double accommodations in hotels

    Description: Traveling and visiting carpet workshops in major tourist cities of Uzbekistan. Tour package consists of historical components, best 8 days tour package for carpet purchase and visiting the memorial complexes of Khiva – open air museum, legendary Samarkand, holy Bukhara, homeland of Amir Temur (Tamerlan) – Shahrisabz and Tashkent.

    Tashkent: Visiting Old part of the city: Visiting Khazrat-Imam Complex including Madrasseh Barak-Khan (XVI c.); Jami Mosque (XIX c.); Mausoleum of Kaffal-Shoshi (XV c.). Madrasseh of Kukeldash (XV c.). Modern part of the city: visiting Museum of Applied Arts, Amir Temur square, Opera and Ballet Theater named by Alisher Navoi, carpet shop

    Samarkand: Visiting Registan square including: Madrasseh of Ulugbek (XIV), Sherdor Madrasseh (XVII) and Tillya Kari Madrasseh (XVII); Gur-Emir Mausoleum (XV c.), Ulughbek’s Observatory (XV.), Bibi Khanum Mosque (XV c.), Shakhi Zinda Mausoleum (XII-XVI cc.), carpet factory

    Shahrisabz: Visiting: Ak- Saray Palace (14-15cc.), Darus-Saadat, Dorut-Tillavat Complexes (14-16cc.), Ulugbek’s Gumbazi- Seyidan Makbarat, Kok- Gumbaz Mosque (15 cc.)
    Bukhara: Visiting Ark Fortress (VII-XIX); Mausoleum of Ismail Samani (X), Medrese of Ulugbek (1417), Poi-Kalyan Complex including: Minaret of Kalyan (XII), Medrese of Mir-Arab (XVI), Kalyan Mosque (XV); Taki-Zargaron Dome Bazar (XVI), Demonstration of silk production and materials, Lyabi-Khauz Mosque (XVI-XVII), Chor-Minor Medrese (1807), Visiting Sitorai Mokhi Hosa Palace (XIX-XX), private carpet workshop

    Khiva: Full day sightseeing program in Ichan- Qala, carpet factory 

  • Archeological tour in “Dalvarzintepa” (8 Days/7 Nights)

    Travel itinerary: Tashkent – Termez – Dalvarzintepa – Samarkand – Tashkent

    Duration: 8 days/7 nights

    Kind of route: airway tour and motor coach

    Places of visit (nights): Tashkent (2) – Samarkand (1) – Termez (1) – Dalvarzintepa (3)

    Best time to travel: all year

    Accommodation: single or double accommodations in hotels, private house and expeditionary base

     

    Description: Traveling in tourist cities of Uzbekistan. The best program for visiting the archaeological sites of Surkhandarya region 

  • Buddhist tour (8 days/7 nights)

    Travel itinerary: Tashkent – Termez – Bukhara – Tashkent – Samarkand – Tashkent

    Duration: 8 days/7 nights

    Kind of route: airway tour, train and motor coach

    Places of visit (nights): Tashkent (4) – Termez (2) – Bukhara (1) – Samarkand

    Best time to travel: all year

    Accommodation: single or double accommodations in hotels

     

    Description: Traveling in tourist cities of Uzbekistan. The tour consists of a combination of historical, architectural, cultural and Buddhist components of Uzbekistan 

  • Islamic tour (8 days/7 nights)

    Travel itinerary: Tashkent – Turkestan – Shymkent – Tashkent – Samarkand – Bukhara – Tashkent

    Duration: 8 days/7 nights


    Kind of route: airway tour and motor coach


    Places of visit (nights): Tashkent (3) – Turkestan – Shymkent (1) – Samarkand (2) – Bukhara (1)


    Best time to travel: from March to November


    Accommodation: single or double accommodations in hotels

     

    Description: Traveling in the Islamic holy places in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan

Travel services

Our contacts

Head office: 
34A, Asaka str., Tashkent 100000, Uzbekistan 
tel.: (+99871) 2680020, 1400004
fax: (+99871) 1400626 
e-mail: info@uzintour.com
Istanbul Office: 
Ebusuud cad. Tellioğlu İşhanı No:36/3 Sirkeci, İstanbul, Turkey 
tel.: +90 212 527 18 83, +90 533 517 85 99 
fax: +90 212 527 18 84 
e-mail: info@taskent.biz

Uzbek customs

 

 

Ceremonies of Uzbek people have formed over the centuries as a result of complex process of merger of cultural skills and traditions of all tribes and nationalities that participated in Uzbeks’ ethnogenesis. They are quite original, bright and diverse, and go back to tribal patriarchal relations. Great number of ceremonies follows the family life and associated with birth and upbringing the child, weddings, burials. 
Ceremonies associated with the birth and upbringing of kids (beshik-tuyi, khatna-kilish), wedding (fatiha-tuy, wedding) are of particular importance. Often they represent the combination of Islamic rituals with more ancient forms related to mystical practices. With adoption of Islam many family and everyday customs have undergone its influence, and Muslim religious ceremonies were introduced in Uzbeks’ life. Friday is deemed a holiday celebrated in the cathedral mosque by general namaz (prayer). Patriarchal customs continues their existence in the social life which is focused on mosque, chaykhana (tea-house), bazaar and in which only men participate.

 

 

Gifts are prepared for the baby’s parents, grandparents. Richly decorated beshik, dasturkhans and gifts are loaded on the car everybody together with the guests depart for the parents’ house under sounds of surnay, karnay and tambourine. According to the tradition, the baby’s grandfather takes the delivered beshik onto right shoulder, then he passes it to his son’s right shoulder, who then delivers it to the baby’s mother. In the past faces used to be coated with white flour in order to ensure that all the intentions of the guests were pure and good. Guests are invited to the guest room to the richly served table and while guests help themselves, listen to music and enjoy their time, ceremony of the baby’s swaddling and putting him into the cradle is held in the next room in presence of elder women. At the end of the ceremony guests come to the baby in order to take a look at him, bring their presents for him and throw parvarda (local sweets) and sugar squares onto the beshik. At this time the ceremony is over and guests return their homes.

 

After this the «great» wedding starts. Before the «wedding» the boy is presented gifts in presence of neighbors, elders, relatives. In the past there was a tradition of granting the foal, on which the boy was seated to mark that from then he was the men-warrior. Everybody congratulates the boy and give him money and sweets, then all this process continues in the women’s part as well. The same day the ceremony of putting together the quilts, pillows onto the chest-box («takhurar») is held among the women and this is done by a woman who has many kids. Lavish entertainment including pilaf ends the ceremonial. According to the tradition, after serving pilaf, the fire is set in the yard in the evening, and people dance, set various games around the fire. The celebrations continue on the next day.

 

On this day mahalla’s elders, chairman of the mahalla, girls are gathered in the bride’s house. When intermediaries explain the goal of their visit, the ceremony of «non sindirish» (literally «breaking the flat bread») will start. From this moment the young people are deemed engaged. "Fatikha Tuy" finishes with appointing the wedding day. Each intermediary is given the dastarkhan with two flat breads, sweets, and presents from the girls side for the groom and his parents are forwarded. Upon return of intermediaries to the groom’s house the trays with presents are accepted from them, and the «sarpo kurar» ceremony (presents show) starts. Usually, dastarkhan is unfolded by a woman with many kids. All present enjoy the cookies and sweets brought from the bride’s house. This ceremony completes the engagement ritual. From the moment of «fatikha tuy» and until the wedding ceremony the parents of the young people resolve issues related to dowries and organizational issues related to the wedding ceremony. Several days prior to the wedding party the «kiz oshi» ceremony («girls only party») is held in the bride’s house, to which the bride invites her close friends and relatives.

 

The wedding party starts with the greeting of the bride at the groom’s house. After the wedding party the groom sees the bride off to the room for newlywed. “Yanga” (usually woman close to the bride) meets her in the room, bride changes clothes and prepares for meeting the groom staying behind the curtain (“Gushanga”). Some time later the groom accompanied with friends appears at the entrance of the room and accompanied with “yanga” he approaches the curtain, where the bride waits for him. In order to see the bride, the groom should symbolically purchase her out from “yanga”, for which the negotiations are set. Then the groom and the bride are left alone for the night. Early in the morning the “Kelin Salomi” ceremony (“Bride’s Greeting”) starts. By the beginning of the ceremony the groom’s parents, all close relatives, friends and close neighbors gather in the yard. Everybody approaches the bride by turn with their wishes, gists and blessings. Bride is obliged to greet each of them by bowing lowly. Thus the celebration finishes and family life begins.

 

Guests take seats around the tables and after reading the fotiha (wishes) flat bread and tea are served. Just then the palov in lagans (large plates) are served – one for two. After the feast the lagans are removed, and guests again make a fotiha, and having thanked the host, they leave. Upon their departure the tables are fixed quickly for reception of new guests. Morning palov ceremony usually lasts for one and half – two hours. During this time the invited performers sing songs. At the end of morning palov the honorable guests are given gifts – usually these are chapans (traditional men’s robes). Commemoration palov differs from the celebration one by that the guests having taken the seats read the suras from the Qur’an and commemorate the passed away person. The feasting is finished also by reading suras from the Qur’an. Performers are not invited to the commemoration ceremony, and tables are fixed more moderately comparing with celebration. One should note the specific feature that the celebration and commemoration palov ceremonies are served only by men.

 

 

Tyubeteykas are made of two or several layers of fabric quilted and fixed by silk or cotton threads. Finished tyubeteyka is embroidered by silk thread, golden or silver cantle. Historically mostly women have possessed the art of embroidering the tyubeteykas. Flower pattern, almond shaped pattern – “bodom” – symbol of life and productivity are the most popular patterns of embroidery. “Ilon izi” (serpent’s stamp) that performs the function of amulet is the widespread ornament in embroidery of tyubeteykas. Geometric ornaments were also popular. Tyubeteykas created in various districts differ by shape, ornament and color solution. 
Chust tyubeteykas are the most popular ones in many regions of Uzbekistan. Duppi is the most widespread type of tyubeteykas of Chust town and it features black background and white ornament in form of fur peppers – kalampir; side are embroidered by small arches located next to each other. There are three types of duppi – rounded, square and rounded and a long hat. Chist duppi (black background and embroidered white ornament) stand out for fanciness of ornament (whole almond with short, sharply rounded end) and significantly high sides. Other varities of tyubeteykas of Fergana valley, including, Sandali, Akka ikki Sum, Chimboy, Surkachekma and others differ by simplicity of their patterns. Samarkand’s tyubeteykas are prformed using the “piltaduzi” technique. There other varieties of tyubeteykas as well – urgut tyubeteyka called “kalpok”, Bukharan golden embroidered tyubeteyka, Shahrisabz’s tyubeteyka called “gilam duppi”, Kitab’s and Shahrisabz’s tyubeteyka caked “Sanama” и "Chizma", "Takhya", "Taykha", "Chumakli", "Kush" – men’s and women’s Khorezmian tyubeteykas. Pepper shaped ornament (symol of purity and ascetics), crosses, feather bunches, nightingale, bird’s shape (symbol of supreme wisdom), rose (symbol of peace and beauty), inscriptions by holy Arabic fonts, etc. were the most popular ornaments.

 

Nowadays mahalla represents the territorial association of families with the purpose of cooperation and mutual aid both in districts of individual buildings and traditional parts of cities, and multi-story apartment houses and streets of industrial cities. People of various nationalities live in mahalla in peace and agreement. Network of more that 10,000 mahallas covers the whole country and it is the important part in strengthening the civil society.